All About Pregnancy

All About Pregnancy

Pregnancy for women can be an unforgettable moment. There are many things that need attention, ranging from health, care, to the issue of intimate relationships. Therefore, it is important for mothers to know all complete information about pregnancy to keep the womb healthy until Little One is born.

Fertilization Process

starting from fertilization, where millions of sperm cells will compete towards the egg while releasing an enzyme that can make one of the sperm successfully reach its destination, the egg. During fertilization, there will be chemical changes that prevent other sperm from entering the egg.

When one of the sperm gets into the egg, the next pregnancy process is that the sperm enters the cell nucleus which carries the genetic code, then integrates with the genetic code of the fertilized egg. Furthermore, sperm determine the sex of the baby by 46 chromosomes that make up genetic characteristics.

The fertilized egg will then divide into 2 cells, and then develop into 4 cells. The egg cell will always develop. As the division of the egg continues, so does the cell that moves from the fallopian tube to the uterus. on this seventh day, where after the fertilization process took place.

Then the divided cell has reached 30 and the collection of cells is called by the name morula. The morula which has reached the uterine lining will be embedded in the endometrial lining. This group of cells that develops will mature and become blastocysts, while stimulating changes in the body of the mother-to-be, including the cessation of the menstrual cycle.

First Trimester

Calculation of the date of pregnancy can start from the first day of the mother’s last normal menstrual cycle. Meanwhile, fertilization usually occurs in the second week. The first trimester lasts from the first week to the 13th week of pregnancy.

Although physical changes in the mother are not clearly seen, but certainly there are major changes in the body of the mother, such as hormone levels that change significantly. The uterus will begin to support the growth of the placenta and fetus. The body will increase blood supply to carry oxygen and nutrients to the developing fetus.

In this first trimester, the fetus will develop all its organs at the end of the third month. Therefore, these moments are very important to maintaining a healthy diet, including adding enough amount of folic acid to help prevent neural tube defects in the fetus.

During the first trimester, the risk of miscarriage is usually quite high. Therefore, mothers must maintain the condition and vitality of the body. Ask your doctor about the health conditions of pregnant women for the proper handling of pregnancy.

Second Trimester

The second trimester (weeks 13-27) is the most comfortable period for the majority of pregnant women. Most of the symptoms of early pregnancy will disappear. The stomach will start to look bigger because the uterus will grow quickly in these times. Although the symptoms of nausea slowly disappear, there are some common complaints that will be felt by the mother, including leg cramps, pain in the gut, high appetite, varicose veins, back pain, and sometimes nasal congestion.

The second trimester is the time when a pregnant woman can feel the fetus move for the first time. Usually, this movement occurs in the 20th week of pregnancy. At this moment, the fetus can even hear and recognize the mother’s voice.

Some screening tests are usually done in the second trimester. Be sure to discuss your personal and family medical history with your doctor to find out genetic problems that can pose a risk to the fetus.

The second trimester is also a moment when fetal body parts are formed such as the heart, lungs, kidneys, and brain. Mothers can also find out the sex of the baby in the second trimester. Usually during the second trimester, doctors test for gestational diabetes which is generally detected between the 26th and 28th weeks of pregnancy.

Third Trimester

The third trimester lasts from the 28th week of pregnancy until the baby’s birth. In the third trimester, the fetus can open, close its eyes, and suck its thumb. The fetus can kick, stretch, and respond to light.

Entering the eighth month, brain growth will continue and be rapid. Mothers may be able to get the shape of the elbow or heel in the abdomen. At 9 months or 34-36 weeks gestation the lungs are mature and ready to work by itself.

For the mother herself there will be regular checks such as a urine test to find out the levels of protein in the body, check blood pressure, monitor fetal heart rate, and other preparations for labor.

Reference:
Healthline. Accessed 2019. Pregnancy

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